Oct. 4, 1992 — El Al 747 Crashes
El Al Flight 1862, a 747 flying cargo from New York to Tel Aviv, crashes into an apartment complex in Bijlmermeer, Netherlands, 16 minutes after taking off from Amsterdam’s Schiphol Airport. A mechanical failure causes an engine to break off and strike and destroy another engine. The crash kills four people on the plane and 43 on the ground.
Oct. 5, 1941 — Brandeis Dies
Retired U.S. Supreme Court Justice Louis Brandeis, the first Jewish member of the high court, dies at age 84 in Washington. Through his friendship with President Woodrow Wilson, he helped secure U.S. support for the Balfour Declaration in 1917 and the British Mandate in Palestine in 1922.
Oct. 6, 1914 — Jewish Aid Reaches Palestine
Gold worth $50,000, raised in two days by American Jewish leaders in response to a plea from Henry Morgenthau, arrives in Jaffa on the USS North Carolina to help the Jewish community in Palestine.
Oct. 7, 1985 — Achille Lauro Hijacked
Members of the Palestinian Liberation Front seize the Achille Lauro off the Egyptian coast four days into an 11-day cruise out of Genoa, Italy, with 748 passengers. They surrender Oct. 10 at Port Said, Egypt.
Oct. 8, 1576 — Jews Ousted From Safed
Ottoman Sultan Murad III orders 1,000 “rich and prosperous” Jewish residents of Safed to be moved to the city of Famagusta in Cyprus in the hope that they will spur economic development on the island. An additional 500 Jews from Safed are forced to move to Cyprus a year later.
Oct. 9, 1917 — Spy Aaronsohn Dies
Sarah Aaronsohn, a leader of the Nili spy network feeding information from Palestine to the British, dies eight days after being captured by Turkish authorities and four days after shooting herself in the head to avoid further torture and interrogation. She had been warned in Egypt during a visit to her brother Aaron, who formed the spy network, not to return home to Zichron Yaakov, but she ignored the warning to protect her fellow spies.
Oct. 10, 1983 — Shamir Named Premier
Yitzhak Shamir becomes Israel’s seventh prime minister after fellow Likudnik Menachem Begin resigns for health and personal reasons. Shamir serves until an election in July 1984, which results in a national unity government led by Shimon Peres for two years, followed by Shamir for two years. Shamir is elected prime minister again in 1988 and serves until being defeated by Labor’s Yitzhak Rabin in 1992.
Items are provided by the Center for Israel Education.