Oct. 11, 1938 — Arab Congress Rejects Partition

Arab leaders conclude a four-day conference in Cairo by adopting the Resolutions of the Inter-Parliamentary Congress, a response to the proposal of the British Peel Commission in 1937 to partition Palestine into Arab and Jewish states. The Arabs reject partition and call for an end to Jewish immigration but accept the “sacrifice” of allowing Jews already in Palestine to remain. The British White Paper of 1939 largely adopts the Arab views on immigration and partition. 

Oct. 12, 1938 — Peace Educator Salomon Born

Gavriel Salomon, the founder of the Center for Research on Peace Education at Haifa University and the dean of the university’s Faculty of Education from 1993 to 1998, is born. An advocate for coexistence programs and improved Arab education, Salomon wins the Israel Prize in 2001 for his contributions to Israeli education and to the pedagogical uses of communication and computer technology.

Oct. 13, 2011 — La Scala Hires Barenboim

Composer Daniel Barenboim, who was born in Buenos Aires in 1942 and moved to Israel in 1952, is named the musical director of La Scala Opera House in Milan, Italy. In demand as a conductor since his debut in London in the 1960s, he expanded his conducting repertoire to include operas with a performance of Mozart’s “Don Giovanni” in 1973. He served as the musical director of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra from 1991 to 2006.

Oct. 14, 1994 — Rabin, Peres Awarded Nobel Prize

The Norwegian Nobel Committee announces that Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Foreign Minister Shimon Peres are sharing the 1994 Nobel Peace Prize with PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat for negotiating and signing the Oslo Accords in 1993. The committee says it is its “hope that the award will serve as an encouragement to all the Israelis and Palestinians who endeavor to establish lasting peace in the region.”

Oct. 15, 1894 — Prime Minister Sharett Born

Moshe Sharett, a signer of the Israeli Declaration of Independence who is the country’s first foreign minister and succeeds David Ben-Gurion to become Israel’s second prime minister in January 1954, is born Moshe Shertok to Zionist parents in Kherson, Ukraine. The family settles in Jaffa in 1906 in the parents’ second try at making aliyah. Sharett rises to political director of the Jewish Agency by 1933 and forms the Jewish Brigade to fight alongside the British in World War II.

Oct. 16, 1981 — Dayan Dies

Moshe Dayan — who was acclaimed a hero after the 1967 war, faced criticism after the 1973 war and played a key role in the 1978 Camp David peace talks — dies of a heart attack in a Tel Aviv hospital at age 66. A native of Ottoman Palestine, Dayan lost his left eye while fighting Vichy French forces in Syria in 1941. In the War of Independence, he oversaw the defense of the Jordan Valley, then commanded the Jerusalem front.

Oct. 17, 1880 — Jabotinsky Born

Ze’ev Vladimir Jabotinsky, the father of Revisionist Zionism, is born in Odessa, Russia. Pogroms in Kishinev and Odessa in 1903 inspire his activism for Jewish self-defense and Zionism. He is central to the formation of the British army’s Jewish Legion during World War I, helps create the Betar youth movement in 1923, is a leader in organizing the defense of Jewish settlements in pre-state Palestine, and provides the intellectual foundation for what becomes the Likud party. 

Items are provided by the Center for Israel Education.

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