July 5, 1950 — Law of Return
The Knesset passes the Law of Return on the Jewish anniversary of the death of Theodor Herzl. The law offers an open immigration door to all Jews, formalizing a policy in place since the provisional government revoked the British limits on Jewish immigration in May 1948.
July 6, 1989 — Bus Attack Kills 16
Palestinian Islamic Jihad member Abed al-Hadi Ghanem seizes control of the No. 405 bus as it passes a ravine outside Jerusalem and steers it over a cliff in an attack on the passengers traveling from Tel Aviv. Sixteen people, including one American and two Canadians, are killed, and 17 others are injured. Although Ghanem survives, he is often seen as the first suicide attacker of the First Intifada.
July 7, 1957 — Eliezer Hoofien Dies
Eliezer Siegfried Hoofien, who provided the pre-state Jewish community in Palestine and then the state of Israel with a half-century of financial expertise and leadership, dies at age 76.
July 8, 1958 — Tzipi Livni Born
Politician Tzipi Livni is born in Tel Aviv to two veterans of the Irgun paramilitary force. A former army officer and Mossad agent with a law degree from Bar-Ilan University, she is first elected to the Knesset in 1999 as a member of Likud.
July 9, 1967 — Concert Celebrates War Victory
Leonard Bernstein conducts the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra at a concert on Mount Scopus to celebrate the cultural unification of Jerusalem after the June 1967 war.
July 10, 1895 — Nahum Goldmann Born
Nahum Goldmann, a founder of the World Jewish Congress and the Conference of Presidents of Major American Jewish Organizations, is born in Visznevo, Lithuania. He lobbies for the partition of Palestine into Jewish and Arab states. He initiates negotiations with West Germany to pay Israel reparations for Nazi crimes.
July 11, 1920 — WIZO Founded in London
Rebecca Sieff, Vera Weizmann and Edith Eder found the Women’s International Zionist Organization at a conference in London. The three wives of Zionist leaders are inspired to help improve the lives of pioneering Jewish women.
Items are provided by the Center for Israel Education.