Sept. 6, 2007 — Israel Destroys Syrian Reactor
In Operation Orchard, conducted in secret but with the knowledge of President George W. Bush’s administration, eight Israeli aircraft destroy a suspected nuclear reactor at the military site of Al Kibar in northeastern Syria. Information about the reactor, believed to have been built with North Korean help, came from a secret Mossad raid on a Syrian official’s home in Vienna in March 2007.
Sept. 7, 1907 — Ben-Gurion Arrives in Jaffa
Three years before changing his last name to Ben-Gurion, David Gruen arrives in Jaffa to make aliyah with his girlfriend, Rachel Nelkin, and other young adults from Plonsk, Poland. In his first postcard home, written the day of his arrival, he declares that he is “full of courage and full of faith.”
Sept. 8, 2010 — Tank Designer Tal Dies
Former Israeli armor commander Maj. Gen. Israel Tal, best known for leading the 1970 committee that designed and developed the Merkava (Chariot) tank, dies at age 85. The Merkava, the first Israeli-made tank, was deployed in 1979 as part of Israel’s effort to become less reliant on foreign arms suppliers.
Sept. 9, 1993 — PLO, Israel Recognize Each Other
Four days before Yasser Arafat and Yitzhak Rabin sign the self-rule agreement of the Oslo Accords, the culmination of nine months of secret negotiations, the Palestine Liberation Organization and Israel formally recognize each other’s existence. The PLO agrees to renounce terrorism and accepts Israel’s right to exist in peace and security. Israel agrees to recognize the PLO as the sole representative of the Palestinian people.
Sept. 10, 1956 — Archaeologist Eilat Mazar Born
Eilat Mazar, a third-generation Israeli archaeologist, is born. Her best-known work has involved excavations in Jerusalem’s City of David, including finding remnants of what she believes to be King David’s palace in 2005 and uncovering a portion of the city walls from the Second Temple period. Her dig near the Temple Mount in July 2013 uncovers a jar from the 10th century B.C.E. with a Canaanite inscription that is the earliest alphabetical text found in Jerusalem.
Sept. 11, 1921 — Moshav Nahalal Founded
Moshav Nahalal, a new kind of agricultural settlement combining a kibbutz’s communal principles with private land ownership, is founded in the northwestern Jezreel Valley between Haifa and Afula by 80 families who came to the Land of Israel during the Second Aliyah (1904 to 1914). Sept. 12, 2009 — Israeli Film Wins Golden Lion
An Israeli film, “Lebanon,” wins the Golden Lion (introduced in 1949) at the Venice International Film Festival for the first time. The movie, written and directed by Samuel Maoz, follows a tank brigade operating in southern Lebanon during the First Lebanon War. It does not win Israel’s equivalent of the Oscar for best picture and thus is not the nation’s Academy Award nominee for best foreign language film. That honor goes to “Ajami.”
Items are provided by the Center for Israel Education.