Nov. 25, 1938 — Kfar Ruppin Is Founded

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NOV25: Residents of Kfar Ruppin strengthen the village wall with stones. Courtesy of www.jewishvilkaviskis.org.

Kibbutz Kfar Ruppin, named for land buyer Arthur Ruppin, is founded in the Beit Shean Valley as part of the “Tower and Stockade” movement, which uses prefabricated materials for rapid construction of defensible settlements. The approach takes advantage of an Ottoman-era law that bars the demolition of illegal construction once a roof is complete. Sitting on a bird migration route, Kfar Ruppin is home to an international bird-watching center.

 

 

Nov. 26, 2013 — Singer Arik Einstein Dies

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NOV26: Arik Einstein performs in November 1979. He stopped singing in public in the 1980s after being hurt in a car accident. By Ya’acov Sa’ar, Israeli Government Press Office.

An aortic aneurysm kills beloved singer/songwriter Arik Einstein at 74 in Tel Aviv, leading thousands of fans to gather the next day in Rabin Square. A Tel Aviv native and star high school athlete, Einstein took up music during his military service. He blended folk and rock music across about fifty albums and was a driving force in the development of Israeli rock. In 2012 newspaper Yedioth Ahronoth called him Israel’s all-time best singer.  

 

Nov. 27, 2007 — Peace Framework Is Signed at Annapolis

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NOV27: (From left) Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert, U.S. President George W. Bush and Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas address the Annapolis conference Nov. 27, 2007. By Gin Kai, U.S. Navy.

A one-day conference involving representatives of fifty nations in Annapolis, Maryland, produces a joint statement from Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert, Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas and U.S. President George W. Bush about their peace goals and approach. The Palestinians and Israelis agree to engage in direct negotiations on final-status issues to achieve a two-state solution under U.S. auspices. The initiative goes nowhere.  

 

 

Nov. 28, 1961 — Operation Yachin Begins

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NOV28: New immigrants from Morocco find their way in Mitzpe Ramon in the Negev. Israeli Government Press Office.

After a two-year ban on Jewish emigration from Morocco, Israel launches Operation Yachin to help Moroccans make aliyah via France or Italy. By the operation’s end in 1964, more than ninety seven thousand members of the ancient Jewish community leave Morocco. Israel pays Morocco five hundred thousand dollars plus one hundred dollars each for the first fifty thousand emigrants and two hundred and fifty dollars each after that. The Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society contributes fifty million dollars toward the effort.

 

 

Nov. 29, 1947 — U.N. Approves Partition of Palestine

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NOV29: People in front of the Mugrabi Cinema in Tel Aviv celebrate the U.N. partition vote Nov. 29, 1947. By Hans Pinn, National Photo Collection of Israel.

On a vote of 33-13 with ten abstentions, the U.N. General Assembly passes Resolution 181, which calls for the partition of Palestine into separate Arab and Jewish states linked by an economic union and a special international status for Jerusalem. Resolution 181 follows the recommendation of the majority of the eleven nation U.N. Special Committee on Palestine. A five-member commission is appointed to implement the partition plan.

 

 

Nov. 30, 1947 — Jews Are Attacked in Arab Cities

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NOV30: The Great Synagogue of Aleppo is in ruins after a mob broke in Nov. 30, 1947, destroyed Torah scrolls and badly damaged the thousand-year-old Aleppo Codex. From Yosef Olef’s “The Shattered Crown,” Biblical Archaeology Review, September/October 2008.

The U.N. partition vote the previous day not only sparks violence between Jews and Arabs in the British Mandate of Palestine — the first phase of Israel’s War of Independence — but also leads to riots against Jews in such cities as Damascus, Cairo, Beirut and Aden. A one thousand year old Torah manuscript is badly damaged in an attack on Aleppo’s Great Synagogue. The leaders of Cairo’s Al-Azhar University declare a holy war against Zionists.

 

 

Dec. 1, 1973 — David Ben-Gurion Dies

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DEC1: An army chaplain recites Psalms near the flag-draped casket of David Ben-Gurion at the Knesset on Dec. 2, 1973. Israeli Government Press Office.

Israel’s first prime minister, David Ben-Gurion, dies at the Tel HaShomer-Sheba Medical Center in Tel Aviv at 87 a few weeks after suffering a stroke. Born David Gruen, he made aliyah from Poland in 1906 and rose to lead the Jewish Agency and the birth of the modern Sate of Israel. An estimated one hundred thousand people visit his coffin at the Knesset before his brief funeral two days later. He is buried at Sde Boker beside his wife, Paula. 

 

Items are provided by the Center for Israel Education (israeled.org), where you can find more details. 

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