Oct. 7, 2009 — Crystallographer Yonath Wins Nobel in Chemistry

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October 7: Courtesy of: Agencia Brasil, via Wikimedia Commons.Photo by Renato Araujo

Ada Yonath, shown during a visit to Brazil in 2011, shared the 2009 Nobel Prize in chemistry

Crystallographer Ada Yonath, 70, a native of Jerusalem and part of the chemistry faculty at the Weizmann Institute, is awarded the Nobel Prize in chemistry with Venkatraman Ramakrishnan and Thomas Steitz for studies on the structure and function of the ribosome. Yonath becomes the first woman from the Middle East to win a science Nobel. She also is the first woman anywhere since 1964 and the fourth overall to win the chemistry prize.



Oct. 8, 1576 — Jews Are Ousted From Safed

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Ottoman Sultan Murad III moved Jews from Safed to Cyprus

Ottoman Sultan Murad III orders one thousand “rich and prosperous” Jewish residents of Safed to be moved to the city of Famagusta in Cyprus in the hope that they will spur economic development on the island. An additional five hundred Jews from Safed are forced to move to Cyprus a year later. The Ottomans commonly use the policy of “surgun” (expulsion) to transfer groups within the empire for strategic purposes.



Oct. 9, 1917 — Spy Sarah Aaronsohn Dies

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Sarah Aaronsohn killed herself with a revolver hidden in her Zichron Yaakov home when she was allowed to gather some personal items before being transferred to a prison in Nazareth

Sarah Aaronsohn, a leader of the Nili spy network feeding information from Palestine to the British, dies eight days after being captured by Turkish authorities and four days after shooting herself in the head to avoid further torture and interrogation. She had been warned in Egypt during a visit to her brother Aaron, who formed the network, not to return home to Zichron Yaakov, but she ignored the warning to protect fellow spies.



Oct. 10, 1961 — Bones of Moshe Hess Are Brought to Israel

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An 1846 portrait by Gustav Köttgen shows Moshe Hess

Moshe Hess is reburied in the Kibbutz Kinneret cemetery beside other fathers of socialist Zionism. Hess was born in Bonn in 1812, died in Paris in 1875 and was buried in Cologne. He was a friend to Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels and helped them with Communist theory. The rise in European antisemitism led him back to Judaism. His “Rome and Jerusalem: The Last National Question” may have inspired Theodor Herzl’s “The Jewish State.”



Oct. 11, 1938 — Arab Congress Rejects Partition

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The Peel Commission’s partition plan in 1937 called for a Jewish state closely aligned with the geography of Jewish settlements, which had not yet established a significant presence in the Negev

Arab leaders meeting in Cairo adopt the Resolutions of the Inter-Parliamentary Congress, a response to the British Peel Commission’s 1937 proposal to partition Palestine into Arab and Jewish states. The Arabs reject partition and call for an end to Jewish immigration but accept the “sacrifice” of letting Jews already in Palestine remain. The British White Paper of 1939 largely adopts the Arab views on immigration and partition.



Oct. 12, 1999 — Christian Extremists Are Denied Entry to Israel

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Israeli police deny using excessive force in barring entry to members of an extreme Christian cult at the port of Haifa on Oct. 12, 1999

Israel refuses to let twenty six Irish and Romanian tourists enter through Haifa for being members of an extreme Christian cult. The approach of the year 2000 raises fears about doomsday cults. In January 1999, Israel deported fourteen members of Denver-based Concerned Christians who were suspected of planning violence at Al-Aqsa Mosque and other holy sites in Jerusalem. Concerned Christians’ mission includes converting all Jews to Christianity.



Oct. 13, 2011 — La Scala Hires Barenboim

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Daniel Barenboim leads a 2005 rehearsal of the West-Eastern Divan Orchestra, which brings together young Israeli, Palestinian and other Arab classical musicians each summer.

Composer Daniel Barenboim, who was born in Buenos Aires in 1942 and moved to Israel in 1952, is named the musical director of La Scala Opera House in Milan, Italy. In demand as a conductor since his debut in London in the 1960s, he expanded his repertoire to include operas with a performance of Mozart’s “Don Giovanni” in 1973. He served as the musical director of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra from 1991 to 2006.



Items are provided by the Center for Israel Education (israeled.org), where you can find more details. 


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