June 5, 1967 — Six-Day War Begins
Israel launches a pre-emptive strike on the Egyptian air force, hitting air fields at 8:15 a.m., while most Egyptian pilots are at breakfast, and destroying 204 Egyptian aircraft within an hour. Ground troops roll into the Sinai, and what becomes known as the Six-Day War quickly expands as Jordan attacks Israel in the morning and Israel hits Syria’s air force in the afternoon.
June 6, 1944 — Allied Forces Land at Normandy
U.S. Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower orders the largest amphibious assault in history, sending Allied troops onto the beaches of Normandy on D-Day. Within a week, more than 325,000 troops have come ashore to fight for the liberation of Europe from the Nazis.
June 7, 1930 — Magen David Adom Founded
Magen David Adom (Red Shield of David), Israel’s Red Cross affiliate since 1950, is reborn as the emergency medical service for the Jewish community of Palestine in response to the Arab riots of 1929. World War I inspired the original Magen David Adom, but it ceased operations in 1921.
June 8, 1971 — First El Al 747 Takes Off
The first El Al flight using a Boeing 747 jumbo jet departs Lod Airport for London and New York. The fully booked flight carries 400 passengers. The Israeli government approved the purchase of the plane after El Al’s board of directors in 1967 recommended buying two 747s. The plane, which arrived from London on June 2 with Transportation Minister Shimon Peres and a few others, is nicknamed “The Flying Elephant” by El Al head Mordechai Ben-Ari.
June 9, 1967 — Troops Move Into Syrian Golan
Israeli troops led by Maj. Gen. David Elazar launch an offensive into the Syrian-controlled Golan Heights on the Six-Day War’s fifth day. Defense Minister Moshe Dayan, who had opposed moving into Syria, orders the attack after Syria announces at 3:20 a.m. its intention to accept a cease-fire. After an aerial assault, Israeli forces attack Syrian positions in five places. The offensive gives Israel control of the Golan before the cease-fire.
June 10, 1930 — Arab Leaders Admit Failure of Not Cooperating
Frederick Kisch, the head of the Jewish Agency’s political department, writes in his diary that sources say all members of the Arab leadership in Palestine except the mufti of Jerusalem acknowledge their failure in refusing to participate in British discussions about the future of Mandatory Palestine. While the Arabs have boycotted talks in opposition to any Jewish national home in Palestine, Jewish leaders have engaged the British and gained leverage.
June 11, 1947 — Emma Gottheil Dies
Emma Gottheil, one of the first female Zionist leaders, dies at her New York home at age 85. A native of Beirut, she was educated in Paris and moved to New York in 1891 after marrying Richard Gottheil, a Columbia University professor and son of the rabbi of the city’s Temple Emanu-El. The Gottheils were delegates to the Second Zionist Congress, and she helped found the group that became Hadassah, named in memory of her mother.
Items are provided by the Center for Israel Education